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Sugar palm and its fruits


Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits
Sugar palm and its fruits

At the end of June - beginning of July I am often asked, "What kind of round fruit are those being sold along the roads? Afar they look like mangosteen, but much larger, and they are not sold separately but in a whole bunch."
Those are the fruit of the sugar palm called them "Palm fruit"
Those strange Thai fruits from afar look like a huge bunch of mangosteen. They grow on the sugar palm (also called Cambodian palm, gomuti palm or Arengo cirrus (Latin Arenga pinnata)). These fruits ripen up on the "female tree", while the "male tree" has inflorescences, which are used for extracting sugar juice. It is then produced into sugar (in India it is called "gur"). Also, the juice is fermented to get the palm wine ("Toddy"), vinegar and alcohol.

The juice is collected by making a slicing down at the anther-flowered inflorescences (harvesting from 1 to 5.7 liters of juice per day for 2.5 months). Sugar palm juice contains 16-20% of sugar, which is being evaporated from the juice.
Typically, 100 palm trees occupy one hectare of soil and bring 4 to 10 tons of sugar per year.

Palm Sugar, how it's made:

Unproductive palm tree is cut down extracting the amyloid core of the tree trunk, which is latter used to make sago - starchy cereals. Wood and leaf stalks are used in construction. Durable and not rotting in the water base of the leaves is used for the fishing gear or is used to protect underwater cables.
The fiber of the leaves is used for weaving mats, baskets, etc.

The fruits of "female trees" can be eaten.

The fruits of the sugar palm (also called "ice apple") are very healthy. And here's why:

  • They provide an ideal balance of minerals and sugars maintaining the necessary level of glucose.
  • The fruit are rich in vitamins A, C and B, contain iron, zinc, phosphorus, potassium, and even calcium.
  • They are often used to reduce digestion and treatment of gastric diseases. It also helps to cope with thrush and used in treating skin diseases.
  • Fruit pulp has a cooling effect and can be used to ease fevers.
  • The fruit compensate for the loss of liquids at high temperatures, dehydration and can prevent thermal shock.
  • According to the Ayurveda the fruit has a refreshing and rejuvenating effect. This is a unique type of sugar, which preserves all the natural vitamins and minerals.

Pregnant women would often eat these fruits as they improve digestion, help with constipation and restore normal levels of acidity.
     The fruit of the sugar tree are useful for those who are trying to lose weight, but also for everyone who wants to replace the artificial juices that are high in calories and sugar with the natural product.
A little more about palm sugar can be found in Wikipedia.

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